Honda Civic from 1972 to 2013
Honda Civic road car
1972 : Generation 1
|Honda began selling the 1169 cc (70 in³) transversely mounted inline four-cylinder Civic for about US$2,200.|
The Civic was largely developed as an all new platform, and was the result of taking the previous Honda N600 and increasing the length, width, height, and wheelbase.
The engine displacement was almost double the previous N600 (599 cc) at 1,170 cc, with two more cylinders added.
The car produced roughly 50 hp (37 kW) and included power front disc brakes, vinyl seating, reclining bucket seats, and a w ...
1979 : Generation 2
|The 1980 Civic debuted with a more angular shape, increased engine power, and larger dimensions in all models.|
The wheelbase now measured 88.6 inches (2,250 mm) for the hatchback (the two-door "sedan" was dropped) and 91.3 inches (2,319 mm) for the wagon.
The Civic engines came in cross flow and CVCC design depending on the market they were sold in; the base 1335 cc ("1300") CVCC engine made 55 hp (41 kW), while the 1488 cc ("1500") CVCC engine produced 67 hp (50 kW).
Three transmissions were offered: a fo ...
1983 : Generation 3
|For the third generation (introduced in September 1983 for model year 1984), the Civic's wheelbase was increased by 2–5 inches (13 cm) to 93.7 inches (hatchback) or 96.5 inches (sedan).|
A three-door hatchback, four-door sedan (also known as the Honda Ballade), the five-door "Shuttle" station wagon, and sporting CRX coupé shared common underpinnings.
This included independent front control arms with torsion bar springs and a semi-independent rear beam with coil springs.
However, the body panels were largely ...
1988 : Generation 4
|For 1988, the Honda Civic was significantly redesigned.|
The suspension had a radical re-configuration with what Honda called "double-wishbone suspension" on all four corners, wheelbase was increased to 98.4 inches (250 cm), and the body was redesigned with a lower hood line and more glass, giving less drag.
Rear suspension however is more accurately described as multi-link trailing arm suspension since the upper control arm only has a single anchor and there is toe control used on the main trailing arm.
1991 : Generation 5
|Introduced in July 1991 the fifth generation of the Honda Civic had a more wedge-shaped body and the wheelbase was increased to 257 cm (101.3 inches) for the two-door hatchback and 262 cm (103.2 inches) for the four-door sedan.|
The wagon was also dropped for overseas markets, while the previous generation station wagon ("Shuttle") continued in Japan.
This generation of Civic used lightweight materials to create a fuel efficient economy car.
Compared to the previous generation, the cowl was raised, which al ...
1995 : Generation 6
|The sixth-generation Honda Civic was introduced in 1996.|
It retained its class-leading handling as it, along with the fourth and fifth generations, had front double wishbone suspension, the advanced independent suspension inspired by Honda's racing research.
However, the sixth iteration of Civic did not have the high power-to-weight ratio as its two predecessors had.
Since 2001, succeeding Civics have used the simpler front MacPherson strut.
Two distinctly different wagons were also made - the JDM Orthia, ...
2000 : Generation 7
|The seventh generation of the Honda Civic was released in September 2000 as 2001 model.|
Compared to its predecessor, it retained similar exterior dimensions, but increased significantly in interior space thus bumping up Civic to a compact car size segment.
There was a flat rear floor, giving better comfort to the rear seat passengers.
This generation abandoned the front double wishbone suspension, which had been used in the fourth to sixth generations, replacing it with MacPherson strut.
2005 : Generation 8
|The eighth generation of the Honda Civic was introduced in 2005.|
Trademarks of this generation include its futuristic sleek body, and its "two-tier" instrument panel.
In many countries (USA, UK, New Zealand), all models (including the base model) come standard with power windows, anti-lock brakes (ABS), and side/curtain airbags (for a total of six airbags).
Additionally, the 2006 models acquired ULEV-2 (Ultra Low Emission Vehicle) certification and boast a more powerful 1.8-litre engine than the 2005 count ...
2011 : Generation 9